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Aluminium and industry

The largest aluminium manufacturers are China, Russia and the USA; the largest consumers are also the USA, China and Europe. The most important deposits of bauxite ore can be found in Australia, Brazil, Guinea, China, India, and Jamaica.

Aluminium can be applied by many industries. Its properties have resulted in continuous expansion of its consumption and scope of applications.

Transport industry

Aluminium is used for: cars, light lorries, lorry trailers, trains, aircraft, ships, yachts and ferries. 

The main advantages of aluminium for the transport industry:

  • light material,
  • durability,
  • corrosion resistance,
  • the lightness of the material reduces the consumption of fuel and emissions into the environment.

Construction industry

Aluminium is applied in the following products: windows, door frames, roof and wall panels, structural frames, and Venetian blinds.

The main advantages of aluminium for the construction industry:

  • light material,
  • durability,
  • corrosion resistance,
  • reflection of light and heat,
  • attractive appearance.

Packaging industry

Most products are manufactured for the food and beverage industry, followed by household foils.

The main advantages of aluminium for the packaging industry:

  • its lightness reduces transport expenses,
  • aluminium is not toxic,
  • recycling opportunities,
  • it constitutes an excellent basis for graphic enamels.

Electrical industry

The main advantages of aluminium for the electrical industry:

  • light material,
  • corrosion resistance,
  • high conductivity,
  • recycling opportunities.

Key facts:

    • Annual consumption of aluminium in Europe: 8 million tonnes.
    • Annual production in Europe: 4.1 million tonnes.
    • Annual reprocessing of waste aluminium in Europe: 3.7 million tonnes.
    • Annual European import of aluminium: 2.5 million tonnes.
    • Aluminium consumption per capita in Europe: more than 24 kg (2005).
    • Global aluminium consumption growth: more than 5% per year.